Epsom Normal Primary School

Please follow on the links below for information about the reading skills and strategies the students will be learning  at the various reading levels.

Reading at the Magenta to Turquoise Levels

Reading at the 7.5 – 9 Year Old Reading Ages

Reading at the 9 – 12 Year Old Reading Ages

The teaching of reading processing strategies and basic comprehension strategies are the foci at the magenta to green levels.

The processing strategies that are taught at these levels are:

  • Attending and searching: Students learn to use letters, clusters of letters, words, phrases, pictures, punctuation and other text features to gather information that helps them read and understand the text.
  • Predicting: students learn to have a go and predict a word they do not automatically recognise. Students learn to make predictions on what comes next in the text based on their prior knowledge and what has happened in the text so far.
  • Cross checking, confirming and self correcting: students learn to check or compare one type of information against another using meaning, grammar or visual information. Students learn to check their reading by asking themselves if their reading sounds right, looks right and makes sense. Students learn to self correct when an error is made.

Some of the comprehension strategies the students learn at these levels include:

  • answering literal and simple inferential questions
  • identifying and discussing the main ideas in a text
  • retelling a text in sequence and with detail
  • asking questions about the text before, during and after reading
  • making connections with their prior knowledge/personal experiences and the ideas in the text


As students move into the orange level and further, the teaching of comprehension strategies becomes the major focus. Some of the comprehension strategies the student learn at these levels include:

  • forming and testing hypotheses about texts
  • creating mental images or visualising
  • inferring
  • identifying and summarising main ideas
  • analysing and synthesising
  • evaluating ideas and information
  • identifying and thinking critically about the author’s purpose and point of view
  • questioning and challenging the ways in which texts are constructed
  • critically analysing the power of language